• The preferred centre of excellence for urological surgery
  • Our pracice is evidence-based, holistic, and patient-centered
  • Our strength is innovative, minimally invasive, laparoscopic and robotic surgery
  • Our foremost concern is patient's benefit & outcome
  • Our aim is to cure, comfort and care
Dr. James Tan
Consultant Urologist and
Kidney Transplant Surgeon
Laparoscopic, Robotic & Cancer Surgeon
For Treatment, Call us at
+ 65 6735 0369
Kidney Cancer

The kidneys are two reddish-brown, bean-shaped organs located just above the waist. One kidney is just to the left, and the other just to the right of the backbone. Both are partially protected by the lower ribcage.

Several types of cancer can develop in the kidney. Renal cell cancer is the most common type of kidney cancer, and occurs more often in men than in women. Renal is the Latin word for kidney.

Like all cancers, renal cell cancer begins small and grows larger over time. Although renal cell cancer usually grows as a single mass within the kidney, a kidney may contain more than one tumor, or tumors may be found in both kidneys at the same time. Some renal cell cancers are noticed only after they have become quite large, but most are found before they metastasize (spread) to other organs through the bloodstream or lymph vessels.

Transitional cell cancer, which affects the lining of the renal pelvis, is a less common form of kidney cancer. It is similar to cancer that occurs in the lining of the bladder and is often treated like bladder cancer.

kidney cancer

Stage I:
Cancer is in the kidney only and the size of the tumor is less than or equal to 7.0 cm in diameter. The estimated five-year survival of patients with this stage is over 90 percent.

Due to the deep location of the kidneys, there may not be any symptoms until the tumor has grown quite large. The most common symptom is blood in the urine (hematuria). Other symptoms of kidney cancer may include:
  • A lump or mass in the kidney area
  • Recurrent fever
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Lingering dull ache or pain in the side, abdomen or lower back
  • Feeling fatigued or in poor health

Small and early stage renal cell carcinomas are commonly diagnosed incidentally by routine ultrasound and CT scans done for other unrelated symptoms and health problems. Larger renal cell carcinomas usually present with symptoms. There are several tests used to detect and stage kidney cancer:

  • Imaging Diagnosis #
  • Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) #

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Laparoscopic Nephrectomy (click the link for more info)

For Treatment, Call Us at
+ 65 6735 0369
Mount Elizabeth Medical #17-14,
3 Mount Elizabeth Singapore 228510
Tel: +65 6735 0369
Fax: +65 6735 1317
24 Hours Hotline: +65 6535 8833